The first information report offense known as FIR is used by police takes cognizance of any crime. Section 154 of criminal procedure code elaborates the first information report. This section says when an offense is reported to police it is the duty of the police to register a FIR. Then section 155 explains that after registering first information report the police has to start its investigation.
It is the duty of every person to know about the law. As the Quote says “ignorance of law is no excuse.” So here I will tell you briefly bout what is the format of FIR? Who can lodge a FIR? What if I delay in lodging in FIR? and What are the Do and Don’t s while lodging FIR? Can ignorance of law is no excuse can be lodged?
So Question Who can lodge and FIR? Its simple answer is anyone who has the knowledge of the occurrence or the complainant (Victim) can register the case.
If the delay has been occurring in filing first information report then it can create problems for the complainant. It’s usually create suspicion in prosecution story. Always register the FIR immediately.
But still, there is some exception in which delay can be overlooked. These reasons may be one of these;
- The informer is sick or injured
- distance in the place of occurrence from that of a police station
- Due to threat or undue influence
- Crime was detected later on etc
To read more detail about question fir related you should visit http://www.fixindia.org/fir.php#4 this link. The information written in it is very important and it can help you in a different way especially if you are a lawyer.